Samuel Adams DOI


Samuel Adams was born 27 September 1722 in Boston Massachusetts to a politically active family of Puritan background. Samuel was proud of his puritan heritage and was a Congregationalist. He was a second cousin to John Adams. He was a graduate of Harvard College and was an unsuccessful businessman and tax collector before settling on a political career. He was a political philosopher and statesmen. Samuel was on of the leaders that shaped the political culture and the principles of the American republicanism. During the 1760’s he was an official of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and the Boston Town Meetings from 1766 to 1774. He was strongly opposed the British Parliament to levy and collect taxes of British Americans. His circular letter of 1768 was responsible the the occupation of Boston by the British and lead to the Boston Macre of 1770. He and some of his colleges devised the committee of correspondence system resulting in the 1773 Boston Tea Party. He was a Massachusetts Delegate of the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1781. From 1782 to 1785 and from 1787 to 1788 he was president ot the Massachusetts Senate. He served as the 3rd Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1789 to 1793. From 8 Oct 1793 to 2 Jun 1797 he served as Massachusetts 4th Governor, succeeding John Hancock.

He Married Elizabeth Checkley id October of 1749 and she gave birth to six children of which only two survived to adulthood, Elizabeth died in July 1757 shortly after giving birth to a stillborn son. Samuel would remarry 1in 1764 to an Elizabeth Wells but had no children by her.

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